Decree honoring Diophantos
Originally published by Latyshev, commentary by Solomonik, translated by Burstein.
Marble slab (the top is broken). Found in 1908 in the north-eastern part of the ancient city, where it had been reused for the facing of a well.
In front of us is a treaty of mutual assistance and friendship between Chersonesos (the beginning of the oath of the Chersonesites is missing) and Pharnakes the king of Pontos.
The king of Chersonesos in this inscription was an elective official who performed some religious ceremonies on behalf of the state. Therefore, this 'king' differs form the one of Pontic kingdom, which latter term referred to a monarch. The king of Chersonesos was eponym of the year: that is to say, the year was called after the king who performed his duties in that period. Eponym of the month was the secretary, who performed his duties during this month. In the given case, secretary was the citizen of Chersonesos Herodotos son of Herodotos.
Translation by © N. Khrapunov.